let him accept an offering--that is, let us conjointly offer a sacrifice for appeasing His wrath against us. Having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David. Why then have you not guarded your lord the king: In this vivid scene, David implied that he cared more for Saul’s life than Abner did. Commentary on 1 Samuel 2:11-26 (Read 1 Samuel 2:11-26) Samuel, being devoted to the Lord in a special manner, was from a child employed about the sanctuary in the services he was capable of. 11 Making a vow, she pleaded, “Lord of Hosts, if You will David wanted the large measure of God’s mercy for himself, so David gave Saul the large measure of mercy. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. : This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. i. May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness. BIBLE STUDY Matthew 1 SAMUEL. (1Sa 26:9-12) David's response to the opportunity to kill Saul. : This phrasing shows that David spoke to Saul with genuine humility. David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head, : David would not kill Saul, but he did take the spear and the jug of water as evidence that he had the opportunity to kill Saul. sent out spies . That would only change when God changed it; David would not, stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, The LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. He neither begs his life from Saul, nor offers one argument to prevail upon him to desist [stop] from his felonious attempts, but refers the whole matter to God, as the judge and vindicator of oppressed innocence.” (Clarke), f. As when one hunts a partridge in the mountains: “It is worthy of remark that the Arabs, observing that partridges, being put up several times, soon become so weary as not to be able to fly; they in this manner hunt them upon the mountains, till at last they can knock them down with their clubs. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. But David stayed in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness. May the LORD repay every man, his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered you into, hand today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. Samuel, Saul and David. And now see where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head.”. From “Playing Both Ends Against the Middle” to “Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place” (1 Samuel 29:1-30:6) Return, my son David. And David said to Abishai, “Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless?” David said furthermore, “As the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. The LORD was more than able to kill Saul at any time. of What have I done, or what evil is in my hand: David first asked Saul to consider the facts and to clearly think about what David did. : David revealed his own heart’s struggle under the pressure from Saul’s relentless persecution. : The people of the city of Ziph – had betrayed David’s whereabouts to Saul before (1 Samuel 23:19-23). “Knowing Saul’s unstable and deceitful heart, he would not trust to any of his professions or promises, but kept out of his reach.” (Poole), ii. David gained intelligence of his motions (1 Samuel 26:4), and took a view of his camp, 1 Samuel 26:5. : The last time David and Saul met David was simply hiding from Saul and Saul happened upon the place where David hid. 1 Sam. David would not raise his hand against Saul but Abishai would do it, and not feel bad about it in the slightest way. A "cruse of water" is usually, in warm climates, kept near a person's couch, as a drink in the night time is found very refreshing. Please let me strike at once with the spear, . Thus he obtained the best of victories over him, by heaping coals of fire on his head. See where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head: This dramatic evidence – like the evidence of the corner of Saul’s robe in 1 Samuel 24:11 – was undeniable proof that David had the opportunity to kill Saul but did not do it. All rights reserved. c. David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army: As the entire army slept Saul slept near the commander of his army. It all might have seemed to be perfectly given from the hand of God. Probably, David noticed that, a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them. And Abner and the people lay all around him. With Saul’s spear stuck in the ground by his head and all asleep, Saul was completely vulnerable. 1 Samuel 26 -At this time the Ziphites returned to Saul and convinced him to go and seek David out again because he was hiding in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon (or the desert). With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! : As with the last time David could have killed Saul (1 Samuel 24:4), David’s associates pointed out that this circumstance was not an accident but designed by God – and the design was for David to take righteous vengeance upon Saul. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 17:1-58 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Saul is the king, but he has disobeyed God and God has rejected his kingship (chapter 15). Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. As the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD’s anointed. wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king?--The circumstance of David having penetrated to the center of the encampment, through the circular rows of the sleeping soldiers, constituted the point of this sarcastic taunt. Why should David go on such a dangerous mission? In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. “Its masterfully told stories have captured the imagination of readers for millennia” (19). David would not raise his hand against Saul but Abishai would do it, and not feel bad about it in the slightest way. . stood on the top of an hill afar off . d. They have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, “Go, serve other gods”: David revealed his own heart’s struggle under the pressure from Saul’s relentless persecution. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 1 Now some men from Ziph came to Saul at Gibeah to tell him, “David is hiding on the hill of Hakilah, which overlooks Jeshimon. b. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the anointed king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. In chapter 24, David is conscience-smitten because he has cut off a portion of Saul’s robe. 1. No reconciliation among men is firm, which is not founded in an cemented by peace with God through Jesus Christ. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 26. David knew the truth of Hebrews 6:10 before it was written: For God is not unjust to forget your work and labor of love which you have shown toward His name. He waited to see if the repentant words Saul spoke showed a genuine repentance in his life. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. “Saul lay”: Saul was sleeping in an apparently invulnerable place. i. DAVID STAYS ABISHAI FROM KILLING SAUL, BUT TAKES HIS SPEAR AND CRUSE. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. 20. as when one doth hunt a partridge--People in the East, in hunting the partridge and other game birds, pursue them, till observing them becoming languid and fatigued after they have been put up two or three times, they rush upon the birds stealthily and knock them down with bludgeons [SHAW, Travels]. “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. 4. The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORD’s anointed. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. David knew more than anyone that Saul was deeply in sin. He had to continue to run away from Saul to preserve his life. In this, David trusted that God would protect him when he did eventually come to reign over Israel. a. 24:6-7). See where the king’s spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head. “The book of Samuel is one of the great literary works in human history,” writes Paul Evans in 1-2 Samuel (Story of God Bible Commentary). At first glance this text about Samuel’s early years seems not to provide many resources for preaching and teaching. Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. When David boldly demonstrated this to Saul, the king was greatly moved emotionally and publicly repented for his murderous intentions toward David. at his bolster--literally, "at his head"; perhaps, Saul as a sovereign had the distinguished luxury of a bolster carried for him. For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king. a. cared more for Saul’s life than Abner did. . Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 2:18-20, 26 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 1 of First Samuel told of Hannah's infertility, which caused her great pain. The LORD was more than able to kill Saul at any time. The LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish: David knew that it wasn’t “hard” for God to kill Saul. But the king had relapsed into his old enmity. 3. . . ii. What have I done, or what evil is in my hand. And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation.” Then Saul said to David, “May you be blessed, my son David! Saul's cruse would probably be of superior materials, or more richly ornamented than common ones, and therefore by its size or form be easily distinguished. For what have I done, or what evil is in my hand? blessed, my son David! For I will harm you no more… Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly. Why then have you not guarded your lord the king, : In this vivid scene, David implied that. . let me smite him . EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). But he wanted. c. David therefore sent out spies: As a wise and capable commander David constantly monitored the movements of Saul. Let one of the young men come over and get it. Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, “Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon?” Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. And who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them. he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. Since David was so right and Saul was so wrong, it was easy for David to project a superior attitude towards Saul, but he didn’t. When it came to striking down an anointed king of Israel, God did not need the services of a godly, righteous man like David. Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. . (13-16) David chides Abner, Saul’s bodyguard. He could send any of his 600 men to do this job, and from a military sense it made more sense to send someone else. We might think that David had more righteous reason than ever to kill Saul. In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. God could allow a wicked man to kill Saul at any time. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. i. If the Lord have stirred thee up against me--By the evil spirit He had sent, or by any spiritual offenses by which we have mutually displeased Him. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, ‘Go, serve other gods.’ So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. For the king of Israel has come out to seek a flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains.”, My lord, O king… my lord… please let my lord… his servant. b. See the notes on 1 Samuel 12:1-25 (note) and on 1Sa 24:6 (note). If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. And David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. a. Chief among them is the story of David and Goliath, the quintessential underdog story. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. In them the complete life-story of this man is told.”. And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which. Having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David: This means Saul went back on his previous repentance shown in 1 Samuel 24:16-21. Now, Saul went back on a previous promise to leave David alone. David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. ii. David knew where Saul was but Saul did not know where David was. b. So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. As he did this with a pious disposition of mind, it was called ministering unto the Lord. This thing that you have done, the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORD’s anointed. 1-samuel 26:22 And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! 1 Samuel 26:5-25 . Saul was under the judicial infatuation of heaven. David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. i ” . Let one of the young men come over and get it. Though Saul's cruelty and perfidy and general want of right principle had sunk him to a low pitch of degradation, yet that was no reason for David's imitating him in doing wrong. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Thus David withheld the hand of Abishai; but, at the same time, he directed him to carry off some things which would show where they had been, and what they had done. SAUL COMES TO THE HILL OF HACHILAH AGAINST DAVID. Saul’s repentance was deep, sincere, and emotional – but it didn’t last very long. You shall both do great things and also still prevail.” So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. if they be the children of men--The prudence, meekness, and address of David in ascribing the king's enmity to the instigations of some malicious traducers, and not to the jealousy of Saul himself, is worthy of notice. Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance, between them. But David knew that even a sinning Saul was still the, king over Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). His words in 1 Samuel 26:25 express this also: You shall both do great things and also still prevail. saying, Go, serve other gods--This was the drift of their conduct. “Since now there is nothing more to be said, David and Saul part, never to see each other again.” (Youngblood), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Now they try to gain King Saul’s favor again, by helping Saul find David again. His words in 1 Samuel 26:25 express this also: You shall both do great things and also still prevail, : “In these words we have a perfect autobiography. 26:9 "who can stretch out his hands against the Lord 's anointed and be without guilt" David was very conscious of God's unique calling and equipping of Israel's king (cf. even to the earth at once--The ferocious vehemence of the speaker is sufficiently apparent from his language, but David's magnanimity soared far above the notions of his followers. It was exactly in this manner that Saul was pursuing David. Are you not a man? This is much like what the author of 1 Samuel is doing in chapter 26. a. I have sinned: The last time Saul was in this situation he was overcome with emotion. and cried to the The extraordinary purity and elasticity of the air in Palestine enable words to be distinctly heard that are addressed by a speaker from the top of one hill to people on that of another, from which it is separated by a deep intervening ravine. David could say to himself and everyone else, “. Saul’s repentance was deep, sincere, and emotional – but it didn’t last very long. So let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, : David wanted to fulfill his call to be the next king of Israel. He could admit that his actions against David were wrong without admitting that they originated with himself. 4, 5. “There is a vast deal of dignity in this speech of David, arising from a consciousness of his own innocence. Abishai also weaves into the matter an element of poetic justice: the spear used to kill Saul would be the king’s own spear, stuck in the ground by his head. But please, take now the spear and the jug of water that, by his head, and let us go.” So David took the spear and the jug of water, Saul’s head, and they got away; and no man saw. For they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them. And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, “Do you not answer, Abner?” Then Abner answered and said, “Who, you, calling out to the king?” So David said to Abner, “, like you in Israel? 3 Saul made his camp beside the road on the hill of Hakilah k facing Jeshimon, but David stayed in the wilderness. opposite Jeshimon, by the road. Three thousand chosen men reminds us that Saul had a great numerical advantage. The fact that David did this shows his boldness and courage; the outcome of it all shows God was leading him in it. This time David actively sought Saul out. What hurt David the most was that he couldn’t go to the house of God and openly be with the people of God, living his life after the LORD as he longed to. This time he found himself in the wilderness of Ziph with Saul in pursuit. If vengeance belongs to God, it does not belong to us, so we are to love our enemies and never repay evil with evil. But as David went on his way he was faced with the temptation he spoke of in 1 Samuel 26:19 – tempted to flee Israel all together and live among the ungodly. Saul defeats the Ammonites (1-11) Saul’s kingship reconfirmed (12-15) 12. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. You can check these in your browser security settings. For I will harm you no more, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. This new evidence of David's moderation and magnanimous forbearance, together with his earnest and kindly expostulation, softened the obduracy of Saul's heart. 8-12. . Cancel any time. Posted on Nov 16, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. Proud member We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. He refused to take the throne through murder or rebellion. Now therefore, please, let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time!”. Commentary on 1 Samuel 26:21-25 (Read 1 Samuel 26:21-25) Saul repeated his good words and good wishes. Samuel judges Israel (15-17) 8. The circumference is lined by the baggage and the men, while the chief's station is in the center, whether he occupy a tent or not. 1 Samuel 26. The pressure of all this tempted David to consider leaving Israel altogether and to go among those who worshipped other gods. He would wait until it came to him God’s way. The words seem right but the feelings aren’t there. It was in this manner that Saul hunted David, coming hastily upon him, and putting him up from time to time, in hopes that he should at length, by frequent repetitions of it, be able to destroy him.” (Clarke). 1 Samuel Chapter 26 summary began with the same fate David has had the last few chapters, and that was being on the run. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. David Again Spares Saul’s Life. 19. c. David took the spear and the jug of water by Saul’s head: David would not kill Saul, but he did take the spear and the jug of water as evidence that he had the opportunity to kill Saul. Though Gibeah, as its name imports, stood on an elevated position, and the desert of Ziph, which was in the hilly region of Judea, may have been higher than Gibeah, it was still necessary to descend in leaving the latter place; thence Saul "went down to the wilderness of Ziph.". “The Apostle makes a great distinction, and rightly, between the sorrow of the world and the sorrow of a godly repentance which needeth not to be repented of. David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man: . Though God had rejected him from the kingdom, it was in every way the best and most dutiful course, instead of precipitating his fall by imbruing their hands in his blood and thereby contracting the guilt of a great crime, to wait the awards of that retributive providence which sooner or later would take him off by some sudden and mortal blow. 3,000 against 600 is a significant advantage. 1, 2. the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah--This people seem to have thought it impossible for David to escape, and therefore recommended themselves to Saul, by giving him secret information The knowledge of their treachery makes it appear strange that David should return to his former haunt in their neighborhood; but, perhaps he did it to be near Abigail's possessions, and under the impression that Saul had become mollified.

1 samuel 26 commentary

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