The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. 4 0 obj Column chromatography of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Vitex parviflora yielded, among others, samples 1 and 2. proceedings of 54th ththe iier international conference, beijing, china, 13 january 2016, isbn: 978-93-82702-35-1 10 qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and antioxidant potential of amaranthus viridis l. from pakistan 1sehrish sadia, 2zia ur rehman mashwani, 3humara amin, 4arshad ali shedayi, 5jin-tun zhang, 6xiaohang bai, 7brian gagosh nayyar, 8paras mazari Determination of the constituents of these samples by NMR analyses indicated the presence of phytol 1a in sample 1, with lupeol 1b and β-amyrin 1c as impurities (< 10%) and sitosterol (2a) and stigmasterol (2b) in sample 2. Carlsson, R. 1980. But both categories were used by humans for traditional medicinal purposes, and some of them were extensively studied by modern science. Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. Original article submitted March 24, 2013. 2013;11(3):206-12. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. 2006;Stintzing et al. Research and development opportuni-ties on nutritive and nutraceutical properties, produc-tion and commercialization, taxonomic evaluation and breeding perspectives were explored. 46: 1181. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). Both extracts significantly increased the BR. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial[299. Conclusions and future research recommendations are also presented. Saka O. Gbadamosi2 Received: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published online: 11 March 2020 Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. %���� Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. M. ethods The study was conducted in 20172019 on the - territory of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in two The Erode College of Pharmacy and Research Institute, Erode - 638112. Amaranthaceae plants -medicinal activities Section C-Review AMARANTHACEAE PLANTS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: MEDICINAL ACTIVITIES AND UNIQUE COMPOUNDS, A Comprehensive Review on the Phytoconstituents from Six Species of the Genus Amaranthus, Metabolites of the Vietnamese Plant Amaranthus viridis, Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models, Virucidal potential of some edible Nigerian vegetables, Antimutagenic terpenes and sterols from Vitex parviflora, Secondary Metabolites of Cinnamomum cebuense, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts, Trilinolein Inhibits Proliferation of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Through the Modulation of PI3K/Akt Pathway, P9 Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by polyprenol in human breast cancer cells, Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis, Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of spinasterol via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine hippocampal and microglial cell lines, Natural Products Derived from Philippine Plants, A new lignan with anti-tumour activity from Polygonum perfoliatum L, Antioxidant properties and involved compounds of daylily flowers in relation to maturity. Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. Amaranthus viridis concentrations of 10 and 15 mg/ml were contaminated but the extract at a low concentration of 5 mg/ml was able to exhibit antiviral activity when the cell was treated with the extract before the virus was added. 4. & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) Original-research-article. 1. S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. Amaranthus viridis . and to observe the ... M., 2019, The effectiveness of red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) and green spinach (Amaranthus viridis L.) as UV B radiation protection for Bacillus thuringiensis var. The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of POPs in irrigation water, soil and in Amaranthus viridis (A. viridis) from different gardening sites in Kinshasa to evaluate the potential environmental and human health risks. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties [1] and antinociceptive activity [2]. Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. �kI&�D��dt�pR�t��߿��?M���{|p����dBHY�������u5!VO)%<=Um�y%'�k����5��7�~N��M�����/���xt�VP^�zBXIaHՂ�S4�Y��dLE�BB0������8V�i]H�o8���M�ñq�(�� I1� ����F�D�K&&�.���ߋ�� 5ߗ�;mJ��3V2����;��O���Wt0y����᫋���O�{:��0;;�L�g{��*�Fxt��PEZRr1��,5�R+$��K����O^"N is a fast-growing herb mainly cultivated in Asia, Africa, Latin America (Amin, Norazaidah, & Hainida, 2006). of. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. ), Euphorbia lateriflora (Schum. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. Flower colour; life form. P. C h a k r a b o r t y. This weed is mostly found on roadsides and wastelands. In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. Besides, the tested extracts showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 179-645 µg/ml. Through bioassay directed fractionation of the. View abstract. Herb to about 40 cm tall. Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. K . stream Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments. Safrole is a known hepatocarcinogen, while eugenol is reported to be cytotoxic. active against the fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) and the bacteria (Bacillus (2010) reported the possibility of seed dispersal via ruminants. Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly The results showed that A. viridis <> The methanol extract of buckwheat contained principally four flavonol glycosides: rutin, quercetin, kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of a flavonol triglycoside. E. lateriflora only inhibited the virus activity at very high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus was treated with the extract and also when the HEP-2 cell was treated with the extract before the virus suspension was added. (+)-Catechin was the main phenolic compound identified in daylily flowers, accounting for about 74.11% of total phenolics. research is to investigate the hydroponic (NFT, DFT, Aeroponic) efficiency on water use using Amaranthus viridis L. as the planted material. However, the efficacy of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has not been tested yet. Amaranthus viridis grains were cultivated by National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Kano, Nigeria and matured grains were collected after 14 weeks (April to July, 2015). and 2D NMR analyses. Weed of disturbed areas. Spikes green, perianth segments 3. Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. �����4/5�<3�l�$��*3�Ȼ�.���i�����E[� x��=َ9���zY@9p��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. aureus, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. 7. RM�Wݣ���H�q��Zv"o�y�WO/�v�*����0SĵTr�NN�M��^����i�?���'�X}ß���_��]�bz��we������~�TͤpH^p8+����4��h �&�����y�+��n�� It has got medicinal properties. We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). Cinnamomum cebuense Kosterm (Lauraceae) is an endemic and endangered Philippine tree yielded used by local residents as remedy for stomach ache. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- II. In addition to general chemical composition that was presented in previous cited publications, two more interesting articles did the same. M. J. Iqbal, S. Hanif, Z. Mahmood, F. Anwar, A. Jamil. <> 3 0 obj These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. The grains were wet cleaned and dried in a hot air oven (SM9053, Uniscope, UK) at 50°C for 8 hr. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. 11. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. Methanolic extract of whole plant of Amaranthus viridis L (MEAV), was screened for antinociceptive activity using acetic acid induced writhing test, hot plate test and tail immersion test in mice. Quantity and quality of Amaranthus grain from plants in temperate, cold and hot, and subtropical climates--A review. All rights reserved. 2004). The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. M. aterials and . Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. Administration of the extracts was applied to both laboratory animals at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocapsules have been previously developed as a carrier system for atrazine. extracts, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b), xanthoxylin (2) and two quercetin glycosides, hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), were found to increase the BR in a standard medium (2.1 mM Ca2+). In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. Kesan penggunaan gentian mesokarpa terhadap pertumbuhan dan penghasilan bayam hijau (Amaranthus Viridis L.) This research is being done to study the effect of using a planting medium based on mesocarp fibre mixed with top soil to the growth and production of green spinach. The dichloromethane extracts of the air-dried leaves and roots of C. cebuense contain polyprenol and trilinolein, respectively. the need to isolate the individual compounds. Scientific Name: Amaranthus viridis Root Word: amarantos = unfading, viridis = green Common Name: Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Vernacular: Kulites Apaka Synonym: Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Information will be presented in tables for the convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented. ), Lactuca taraxacifolia (Willd. It was concluded that A. viridis leaf and seed can be explored as a potential source for isolation of antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for uses in functional food and pharmaceuticals. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing Distinguishing features. The subacute toxicity study of the aqueous extract of A. viridis at doses of 200, 400 and 600 mg/kg showed no signs of toxicity on biochemical, hematological or histological parameters. subtilis and Pseudonomas aeruginosa). Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. (Asteraceae), is involved in various biological activities. %PDF-1.7 19. Year 1986 Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. antioxidant properties and involved compounds was observed between different maturity stages of daylily flowers. Spinasterol also suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. Amaranthaceae family is one of the largest and most diverse in the plant kingdom. Polyprenols are reported to exhibit hepatoprotective effects, while trilinolein is reported to exhibit myocardial protective effects and it inhibits the endothelin-1-induced hypertension. Of the parts tested, the seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The extracts contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (1.03 to 3.64 GAE, g/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (18.4 – 5.42 QE, g/100 g) and also exhibited good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity as revealed by IC 50 (14.25 -83.43 µg/ml). Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. above sea level. This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. Earlier studies reported the isolation of quercetin and lutein [5] and rutin and β-carotene [6] from A. viridis.

amaranthus viridis research

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