This tree or bush bears edible fruit and is a nitrogen fixer. Instead of continually fighting a useless war against it, let’s embrace the benefits that this plant has to offer. You can follow her on twitter, visit her website, or contact her directly ldfeldt(at) They make very good preserves like autumn olive fruit leather and jam. The berries contain high amounts of carotenoids and lycopene, a bit higher than tomatoes, which studies have shown to help prevent prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and fight myocardial infarction. There are places in the US where autumn olive is considered a "dangerous" invasive, and there will be further restrictions on use and transport. The longer leaves and red fruit with tiny speckles, are easy to spot. 626, pp. Numerous techniques exist for applying herbicides. How Autumn Olive is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Health Benefits of Autumn Olive This article provide information on Autumn Olive Tree Facts and Propagation. We can become the natural predator. Autumn Olive is a great fall foraging plant. Precautions in Consuming Olive Leaves Tea. A colleague did the analysis on what sounds like a combination of observation, a guess and a whim. It is a great food for wildlife, and people, but it produces so much fruit that birds carry the seeds all over the central and eastern part of the country, and it grows so dense and in so many soil types that is shades out native species. Autumn-Olive (elaegnus umbellate) also known as Autumn-Berry, is a deciduous shrub that can grow into a small multi-trunked tree reaching as high as 20 feet. The fruit leather and jam in my opinion is top quality and taste, just as good if not better then common flavors like grape and strawberry. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science. Required fields are marked *, Autumn Olive, A Common Invasive Edible Fruit. In some Eastern and Midwestern states Autumn Olive has acquired a reputation of being a potentially invasive plant. Thank you for your support Dee Dee. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy, © 2013 MLive Media Group All rights reserved (About Us). - This is possibly the very best local contributor feature you have! To make the jam, we first pick through the berries to remove any leaves, sticks, or bugs, then heat the berries gently and simmer until soft. The land owner wants it out, but it seems to be a losing battle. 429-431). Reinforcement like yours goes a long way. I was doing a bioassessment for the Huron River Watershed Council. Wild foods are seldom studied or promoted for nutritional and medicinal value. Maturing in September or October, Autumn Berries are a significant source of lycopene. In this area, “Autumn-olive is a many-branched, deciduous shrub or shrubby tree, growing 10 to16 feet (3-5 meters) tall." Thank you for the correction, Marvin. Key ID Features Autumn Olive has a high fatty acid content which is not common in fruits. If we rely on marketers to point out what is of value, we’ll miss much of the natural world and its intrinsic benefits. These fruits are super-powered sources of lycopene which helps keep the old prostate healthy, and is a potent anti-oxidant. Autumn olives are fast collecting fans for the fruit's sweet-tart taste and potential health benefits, even as the plant is frowned upon throughout the Northeast as a habitat-killer. I've made the correction in the post, and will try and figure out how I made the original error. This reduces the diversity of plant and insect species that wildlife needs to flourish. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Pre-registration is suggested, but not required. The autumn olive bush produces little fruits, or berries, each one containing a seed. What can you do with the fruit? This “nuisance” can actually revive the ecosystem by inserting key nutrients back into the soil. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. Autumn olive is well established across the Mid-Atlantic due to its extensive intentional planting to provide wildlife food and revegetate mine spoils in the mid-1900s. The most common fact you will read about autumn olive is that it contains 5 to 15 times more antioxidant lycopene than in tomatoes. You can use this federal website for a full description. Rosemary: A fragrant blessing in herby disguise, Partridge Berry, a Nutritious Trailside Treat, Wild Mint, Fragrant Leaves and Digestive Aid, Pineapple Weed, Edible Flowers with a Fruity Flavoring, Common Mallow, a Wild Edible Often Found in Lawns, Bugleweed, Wild Edible and Alternative Herbal Remedy, Peppergrass, Abundant and with a Delicious Peppered Flavor, Wild Lettuce, Tasty Greens and Valued Herbal Remedies, - Foraging Tours, Classes and Groups Near You, - Wild Edible Tea Index, and Preparation Methods, Partridge Berry, a Nutritious Trailside Treat, Black Walnut, Grandiose and Medicinally Valuable, Cow Parsnip, Crisp Greens and a Surprisingly Aromatic Herb, Jerusalem Artichoke, Bold Flowers and Flavorful Tubers, Honey Locust, Menacing Thorns Protecting a Sweet Treat, Ash, a Wild Edible with a Threatened Future, Cleavers Bedstraw, an Edible Weed with a Diverse History, Wild Strawberry, an Age-Old and Fruitful Favorite, Fireweed, Love it or Hate it, a Bold and Versatile Herb, Persimmons, Succulent and Sweet Winter Fruits, Chufa (Nut Grass), Sweet, Nutty and Nutritious Tubers, Hazelnuts, A Wild Favorite for Many Foragers, Foraging Tours and Classes in South Dakota, Foraging Tours and Classes in North Dakota, Day Flower, A Dainty and Overlooked Wild Edible, Spring Beauty, Dainty Flowers and a Tasty Potato Alternative, Ox-eye daisy, Simple Beauty with Edible Leaves and Flowers, Foraging Tours and Classes in Mississippi, Thistle, Nutritious and Beautiful on the Inside, Foraging Tours and Classes in South Carolina. A simple abundant fruit, such as autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata berries just don’t have much chance for fame. The fruit freezes well, although it is a bit mushier when thawed. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States.Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Here is a plant that is both a treasure and a bane. Autumn Olive is loaded with vitamins and minerals including sugars, proteins, Vitamins A, C, and E, flavanoids, and others. Autumn Olive has a high fatty acid content which is not common in fruits. Autumn olive benefits the land. A longer term project...local plant vendors might be encouraged to stock a better selection, concurrent with some favorable press on the topic, perhaps with some city encouragement via talk and perhaps small financial or social incentives. Russian Olive and Autumn Olive Medicinal Use. I strongly agree with the advice contained here to NOT replant it. Autumn olive is easily seen in the spring since it leafs out when most other native vegetation is still dormant. Autumn olive jam is my favorite recipe, as it mellows out any lingering astringency and tartness and makes a gorgeous bright pink jam. Mugwort, an Age-Old Herb that Uncovers Our Herbal History, Common Reed (Phragmites), an Age Old Sweet Treat, Wild Parsnip, Flagrant Foilage but a Tasty Taproot, Eastern Prickly Pear, Hardy Spines Hiding a Sweet Treat, Evening Primrose, a Nutritious and Medicinal Garden Favorite, Waterlily, a Decorative and Nutritious Wild Edible, Yellow Pond Lily, Cheerful Blooms and Popcorn like Snacks, American Lotus, Fun to Forage and Highly Nutritious, Watercress, a Peppery Wild Edible with Informed Foraging, Mulberry, Wild Sweet Fruits and Favored in the Silk Industry, Chamomile: Just a tinge brightens up your day. But besides lycopene autumn berries is also a source of vitamin C (around 28mg/100g), as well as other vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. The only part of the plant known to be edible is the red berries. A few years ago I contacted a researcher who was working with Autumn Olive for food uses to see if there were any concerns about eating the seeds. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed. Although I eat them raw, many people would find them too tart. In a time when most people know nothing about where there food comes from,and even a growing a garden seems to be just another opportunity for consumption (designer garden gloves! A horticulturist with the USDA Research Service tried them for personal use, and noted the red pigment. But, the cut stump … Honeysuckle leaves are much more green and soft; be sure not to confuse the berries as most honeysuckle berries are toxic. While I was able to eat handfuls of the berries, the number of trees has been increasing rapidly and taking over some of the areas intended for native grass. The ripe berries from mature trees make awesome jelly for the pantry. Linda Diane will also be doing a “Weed Walk” Sunday from 1-3 p.m. Register with her before Wednesday;' there is a small fee for that class. Consumers are used to spending money on what is promoted, while this free and abundant treasure goes almost unnoticed. Now of course… this information goes against everything we’ve ever been told about autumn olive, and if you’re unfamiliar with this plant, here’s a brief backstory. Autumn olive is very high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits. LIKED YOUR ARTICLE ON AUTUMN OLIVE, I AM DOING A PROJECT ON INVASIVE SPECIES FOR MY ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CLASS. Also note that the berries turn from tan to red and ripen in fall. Thanks Linda. Still there are no laws that I know of preventing a person from stopping and eating the berries. So it is actually impressive that we know so much about the benefits of the autumn olive berry. Autumn Olive may be hated, and maybe some of that hatred is warranted, but the reality is that this plant is here now, and probably here to stay. We also saw evidence of a buck ripping up branches of the Autumn Olive. The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Autumn Olive Tree Facts and Propagation. Not only is the fruit abundant and easy to find, the tree is an invasive species that is being actively removed from our landscape. However, even though it provides benefits the commercial growth/distribution and in turn the spread to native lands severely compromises native ecosystems. And if they were to become more known for their food value, it would help to contain them somewhat. Autumn Olives, aka Autumn Berries, are a small sweet tart round red berry that grows on deciduous trees. “The red berries of autumn olive have a high carotenoid content,” writes Fordham, “and particularly high levels of lycopene (30-70 mg/100g). The ripe berries are very tart and sweet. While I support removing these shrubs, I think there is a place to emphasize USING them as they go. And yet we persist in importing the exotic and expensive fruit drinks and pills that are heavily advertised and commercialized, often by multi-level marketing. We've grown Autumn Olive for 30 years and in all that time have observed two volunteer plants. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an invasive shrub in central and eastern United States. Autumn Olive was so widely planted on mine reclamation sites in the mid-20th century that it has extensively naturalized in some regions. There are many other plants in the genus Elaeagnus worldwide and many facts in this article apply to a number of them also. feel free to email me anytime at Autumn olive is a shrub or small tree that has distinctively silvery leaves. WOULD IT BE POSSIBLE TO DO AN EMAIL INTERVIEW? thanks. AUTUMN OLIVE: MEDICINAL BENEFITS AND USES OF AUTUMN OLIVE AUTUMN OLIVE, ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Autumn Olive.

autumn olive benefits

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