It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. (3) the pass of Derbend (Derbent) between the eastern end of a spur of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea. per litre at a depth of 100 metres (33 o ft.) to 0.3 2 cc. Step-by-step instructions (RU) Geography. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea.It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. Eight Century BCE Fortifications & Early History. Derbent (English) ÐÐµÑÐ±ÐµÐ½Ñ (Russ Age of Darband: c. 5,000 Years Old. Derbent, the oldest city in Russia, was supposed to mark its 2000th birthday â or was it 5000th â this year, but bureaucratic wrangles and ineptitude have meant a â¦ Derbent (dyÄrbyÄnt`), city (1989 pop. In reality, these fortifications were built by Persian monarchs. Derbent Hotel is a hotel in Turkey. The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. In the legendâs original form, Alexanderâs Gates are located at the Pass of Dariel. The Lun-class ekranoplan is a unique naval craft built during the Cold War that was designed to skim just above the water. When Russiaâs reformist leader Peter the Great conquered Derbent in his Persian campaign [â¦] Its high-speed, low-altitude flight enabled it to pass â¦ It is the location of the mythical " Gates of Alexander, " and easily one of the most impressive historical sites in Russia. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Jewish-owned caravans used to pass through the city in this period. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent, Russia or with the Pass of Dariel, west of the Caspian Sea. This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. The first months of his service aboard the Derbent pass by in a dull monotony for Husein. Narrow Pass. There was no one for Husein to make friends with. Another interesting fact ascertained by the same expedition is that the amount of oxygen contained in the water decreases rapidly with the depth: off Derbent in the middle section of the sea the amount diminished from 5.6 cc. Ruins of an ancient fortress are still visible. Derbent (dyÄrbyÄnt`), city (1989 pop. DERBENT, Dagestan â Rabbi Ovadya Isakov, the leader of Derbent's small community of Mountain Jews, was shot in the chest as he left his home on July 25. Jews living there are mentioned in the 12 th century by *Benjamin of Tudela, and in the 13 th by the Christian traveler Wilhelm of Rubruquis. It was previously known as Derbend and today, it is known as Derbent which comes from the Persian word Darband meaning âbarred gateâ. It is an accepted fact that the Alexander of history was associated only â¦ DERBENT, or Derbend, a town of Russia, Caucasia, in the province of Daghestan, on the western shore of the Caspian, 153 m. by rail N.W. You can walk around the territory of the citadel yourself, or hire a guide, like we did. Narin Gala/Naryn Kala's Pahlavi Inscription. Average fare for journeys from Baku to Derbent is 1 819 roubles. The father and the son take custom orders and repair tools together. Derbent is well served by public transport, with its own harbor, a railway going south to Baku, and the Baku to Rostov-on-Don road.. To the north of the town is the monument of the Kirk-lar, or forty heroes, â¦ Entry for 'Derbent' - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica - One of 8 Bible encyclopedias freely available, this resource contained over 40 million words in nearly 40,000 articles written by â¦ The crew is a poor one--alcoholics and other riff-raff--who work lazily and smoke on deck despite the danger. Derbent, previously romanized as Derbend, is a town within the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, placed at the Caspian Sea, north of the Azerbaijani border. Pass through the Iron Gates and one approaches a triangle of secluded mountain villages offering access to the isolated mountains and river gorges beyond. Zoroastrianism in Derbent & Dagestan. In Derbent we met with Arkady and Arseniy Kagramyan - Armenian masters of flute-pipes and douls production. Another suggestion is some mountain pass in the Taurus-Zagros Mountains, somewhere near Rhaegae, Iran, in the heart of Hyrcania. It occupies a narrow strip of land beside the sea, from which it climbs up the steep heights inland to the citadel of Naryn-kaleh, and is on all sides except towards the east â¦ 3rd class fare starts from 1 819 roubles , you can also book 2nd class ticket from Baku to Derbent from 2 165 roubles . Derbent is well served bi public transport, wi its awn harbour, a railway goin sooth tae Baku, an the Baku tae Rostov-on-Don road.. Tae the north o the ceety is the monument o the Kirk-lar, or fowerty â¦ Derbent Hotel is situated in Ilgaz Mountain Pass. It is the third biggest city in Dagestan and one of Russiaâs oldest cities with a history that dates back to â¦ According to the banners and local stories, Derbent is somewhere between 2000 and 4000 years old. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated. Located on the Rostov-on-Don - Baku highway. The modern city is built near the western shores of the Caspian Sea, south of the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Mountains (part of the Bigger Caucasus range). (click to enlarge) Historically, the Greater Caucasus has only two north-south passages through it, both of which are extremely narrow. It stands on a narrow strip of land between the Caucasian foothills and the Caspian Sea that forms a natural pass. Geografie. Derbent Hotel from Mapcarta, the free map. Darband / Derbent x. Darband/Derbent - Background. The historical Derbent Train Station of HaydarpaÅa-BaÄdat Railway Line, which has been in operation for 150 â¦ per litre at a depth of 700 metres (say 2300 ft.). The Dariel Pass Gateway of the hebrew and other tribes through the caucasus mountain range into southeastern europe in early times A well-written first-hand account of a journey through the Caucasus Mountain range, disproving the contention that it is impassable and that the Israelites could not have made such a journey during or after the Assyrian exile. Speaking in the action, Derbent Neighborhood Headman Erdal BaÅ said, "If this train does not stop here, the high-speed train will not pass here." Derbent (Russian; ÐÐµÑÐ±ÐµÐ½Ñ dyeer BEHNT) is a 5,000 year old city in Dagestan and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Derbent, the oldest and southernmost city on Russiaâs territory, is officially marking its 2,000th anniversary â an opportunity for the residents of Dagestan to celebrate the rich cultural and historical heritage of a Republic often associated with social problems and armed extremism. Seaport. of Baku, in 42° 4â² N. and 48° 15â² E. Pop. Railway station in the Makhachkala - Baku line. DARBAND (Ø¯Ø±Ø¨ÙØ¯, Ar. We were also amused by this scatter in the dates in the official history. For the district in Konya Province, Turkey, see Derbent, Konya. of Baku, in 42° 4' N. and 48° 15' E. Pop. The territory of Derbent locks a narrow coastline referred to as the Derbent Passage or the Caspian Gate. Historically, Derbent's strategic position allowed it to control Eurasian traffic, and the city boasts massive fortifications dating to the 6th century CE. Image of fire, local, caucasus - â¦ Derbent actually claims to be the oldest city in Russia. Darband's Sasanid Fortress Narin Gala/Naryn Kala. The geology of the area lies open for all to see and is ripe for exploration. It is the southernmost town in Russia. The modren ceety is built near the wastren shores o the Caspian Sea, sooth o the Rubas River, on the slopes of the Tabasaran Muntains (pairt o the Bigger Caucasus range). After the fall of the Khazar kingdom on the Volga in 969, a number of survivors took refuge in Derbent. One of the most mysterious places, perhaps, in all of Central Asia â the famous mountain pass - Iron gate, located in the Baysun district on the territory of the village of Derbent. Strategic Importance & Position. Derbent is a city found in Dagestan, Russia situated between the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea in the far end of Eurasia. The first is a strip of flat land along the Caspian coast from Baku to Dagestan through the Derbent pass, believed to be the site where Alexander the Great constructed a wall, the Gates of Alexander, to prevent the approach of âbarbariansâ from the north. BÄb al-AbwÄb), ancient city in DÄá¸¡estÄn on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, located at 42° 3â N and 48° 18â E at the entrance to the narrow pass (3-3.5 km wide) between the Caucasus foothills and the sea ().. Name.The ancient city must have been one of the four coastal cities of Caucasian Albania mentioned by Ptolemy in his Geography (cf. As a result, Darial Gorge has been fortified since at least 150 BC. Tradition also connects it to the Great Wall of Gorgan (Red Snake) on its south-eastern shore. In the Middle ages, the pass occupied an important strategic place, as it was â¦ There are 4 ways to get from Tbilisi to Derbent by train, bus or car. It didnât always belong to Russia though, the city actually changed itsâ ownership a lot of times. Photo about The Darial Pass was historically important as one of only two crossings of the Caucasus mountain range, the other being the Derbent Pass. (1873) 1 5,739; (1897) 14,821. The wall has been frequently identified with the Caspian Gates of Derbent, Russia (see below) and with the Pass of Dariel or Darial. DERBENT, or Derbend, a town of Russia, Caucasia, in the province of Daghestan, on the western shore of the Caspian, 153 m. by rail N.W. Derbent Derbent is a city in the southeast Russian republic of Dagestan. The Alexander romance identified the Gates of Alexander, variously, with the Pass of Dariel, the Pass of Derbent, the Great Wall of Gorgan and even the Great Wall of China. (2) the pass of Dariel (Darial, Daryal) through the central Caucasus.