The Turkish Air Force has extensive combat experience with drones in Libya and Syria as well as a highly active local industry involved in producing UAVs for different applications. Mainly employed for airlift, the Spartans can also be used for medical evacuation and maritime patrol. Country Code 30 The Turkish Air Force (Türk Hava Kuvvetleri, THK) is one of the world’s larger air arms and among the largest in Europe.It was and still is in combat not only against Islamists and Kurds within Turkey, but also beyond the borders of this large Eurasian NATO nation.. Turkey also enjoys a considerable UAV advantage over its Greek counterpart. The Greek military budget is $5.89 billion, or 50% smaller than the Turkish one. Turkish MPA capability rests not with its air force but with its naval air arm. During the invasion of Cyprus in 1974, the Turkish Air Force manage to sink a ship and damage two others. It should be remembered that as NATO allies, both Turkey and Greece have a history of participating in NATO and UN peacekeeping missions. By 1940, Turkish air brigades had more than 500 combat aircraft in its inventory, becoming the largest air force in the Balkans and the Middle East. Daily dog fighting defeats for the Turkish Air Force against the Greek Air Force. For its transport needs, the THK relies upon around 16 C-130B/Es (airframes that are even older than those operated by Greece) and a diminishing number of Transall C-160Ds, as well as smaller CN235s, 42 of which were ordered and two of which have been adapted for ELINT duties. Finally, the Turkish Meltem III program is now providing a more advanced MPA capability, based on the ATR 72-600 twin-engine turboprop, outfitted by Leonardo. While statements of this kind are clearly engineered primarily for nationalist consumption, they also run the risk of potentially exacerbating an already precarious situation. Greece: AIM; MICA, Magic2, Super 530D, IRIS-T: 3,800 units, Greece: Scalp EG, AGM Harm, AM39 Exocet, AGM Maverick, JSOW, AFDS, GBU-50 Paveway, BLU-107, GBU-8/B HOBOS: 2,900 units, Turkey: Popeye, AGM Harm, AGM Maverick, Paveway I, BLU -107, GBU-8/B HOBOS, Harpy: 2,800 units, Turkey: Boeing 737 AEW: 4 air systems on order, Greece: Patriot PAC-3: 6 units (with 1,400 missiles). These can be divided into advanced and older/used aircraft. Better safe than sorry when it comes to America's nuclear arsenal. The Peace Onyx III contract provided the Common Configuration Implementation Program (CCIP) upgrade. U.S. NAVY/MASS COMMUNICATION SPECIALIST 3RD CLASS LOUIS THOMPSON STAATS IV, Greece Plans to Spend Billions Upgrading Its F-16 Fighter Jet Fleet. Local industry also plays a significant part in the Turkish Viper program, with involvement from Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) from the outset, including local assembly of aircraft and production of center/aft fuselage sections and wings. The air force operates around seven older C-130B/H Hercules airlifters, plus two more H-models modified for electronic intelligence (ELINT) missions. Regarding other, older types of aircraft, Greece has 113 and Turkey, 144. Major Religion Orthodox Christianity. While both countries have made efforts to acquire new-generation fighters to modernize their fighter arms, Turkey was ejected from the F-35 stealth fighter program in response to its purchase of Russian-made S-400 air defense systems. The HAF’s Mirage fleet is divided between two squadrons based at Tanágra, and the jets also conduct rotational detachments to islands in the Aegean. Airborne early warning (AEW) is a critical function for modern complex air operations and both Greece and Turkey contribute to NATO’s E-3A Sentry Component, which maintains a pooled fleet of the Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft at Geilenkirchen Air Base in Germany. Unlike planned exercises by NATO members, however, these dogfights have been deadly in the past and even risked a larger military showdown on several occasions. These aircraft also have a signals intelligence (SIGINT) capability using Elettronica ALR-733(V)5 electronic support measures (ESM). Like the HAF Vipers, Turkish F-16 Block 50s were provided with the AGM-88 HARM anti-radiation missile. One of the dozen AS332C-1 Super Pumas in service with the Hellenic Air Force. The Greek and Turkish air forces are two of NATO’s strongest and most experienced. For example the Greek Air Force has been training with Israel (since 2008), the US, France, and some of the neighboring Balkan nations. The HAF’s aging F-16 Block 30s are now consolidated with a single squadron, 330 Mira, and the jets have undergone the Falcon UP service-life extension, work being undertaken locally by Hellenic Aerospace Industry (HAI). Most of the work will be undertaken by HAI in Greece. This also includes an indigenous tactical mission suite, the Maritime Mission Integration and Management System (M2IMS). The Turkish Air Force, on the other hand, has active obligations with the Kurdish conflict plus contingency plans for the Greek, Middle Eastern and Eastern Mediterranean fronts. The THK already operates the IAI Heron, alongside indigenous drones. After a Greek Mirage 2000 crashed into the Aegean Sea April 2018, a look back at the incidents reported to Greek officials found 125 people died in 81 crashes between 1990 and 2018. The Hellenic Air Force could use the updated aircraft, but the country's struggling economy remains a concern. As with the case of India and Pakistan, an unwritten rule of preserving a balance of power has been set out by Western politicians and thus followed by industrial producers in Western countries. your username Land Area 131,990 sq km The first refurbished P-3B was handed over by HAI in Tanagra in May 2019. All HAF F-16 squadrons maintain a full air-to-air capability and undertake quick reaction alert (QRA) readiness duties to counter potential Turkish airspace violations, despite the fact that some are specialized air-to-ground squadrons. Also, given the relatively small size of the island, such jets would not be useful for this theater (barring any long-range extension of the conflict into Anatolia or Greece). “It is not useful to increase military tensions in the region.”. Greece deploys the Patriot and S300 air defense systems. The full story behind the incident is unclear, but encounters of this kind are not uncommon over the contested waters of the Aegean. The Turkish-controlled part of the island does not have any attack helicopters. Today, the THK’s F-16C/D fleet is operated by two squadrons at Balikesir, two squadrons at Bandirma, two squadrons at Diyarbakir, one squadron at Eskişehir, one squadron at Konya, and two squadrons at Merzifon. Once back to full strength, the P-3 will provide Greece with a long-range maritime patrol capability to monitor the Mediterranean, and especially the Aegean, including the Aphrodite gas field off the coast of Cyprus. Here's the reality, like it or not. "Greek Air Force F-16s and Mirages have intercepted Turkish F-16s and engaged in dangerous maneuvers, trying to … 2. “Greece claims 40,000 square kilometers of maritime jurisdiction area due to this tiny island [Kastellorizo] and attempts to stop the Oruç Reis and block Turkey in the eastern Mediterranean,” declared Çağatay Erciyes, Director General at the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. A pre-delivery shot of the fourth and final 737 AEW&C for Turkey. A Syrian L-39ZO was also downed during the same campaign. On the other side, the Turkish Air Force, or Türk Hava Kuvvetleri (THK), is the world’s third-largest Viper operator, with a total of 270 aircraft delivered in successively more capable Block 30, Block 50 and Block 50+ configurations. After the retirement of the veteran S-2 Tracker in the early 1990s, the Turkish Navy was left without a fixed-wing MPA capability until the launch of the Meltem project at the end of that decade. The fate of the Block 30 aircraft is unclear, but they could be sold off, or perhaps used as aggressors for air defense training. Turkey has larger human capacities, with 28,000 officers and petty officers; 31,000 national service privates and 35,000 reserves. When it comes to modernisation and various upgrade programmes, the THK enjoys the support of an excellent state-run … It can be concluded that a balance of power exists in the air, with no side having a definitive advantage for the moment due to strategic geography. A partially glass cockpit and revised electronic warfare system were also included. Meanwhile, air-to-ground missions have been flown by THK F-16s against the Kurdish Workers’ Party, a militant group better known by its Kurdish acronym PKK, which is based in the Kurdish regions of Turkey and Iraq. ccTLD .gr For NATO, any tensions between Greece and Turkey threaten the solidarity of the alliance, potentially diminishing its ability to confront common security challenges. F-16 VS F-16: Greek Pilots Locked on Turkish F-16 May 7, 2020 GDC Europe 0 Dramatic new footage has emerged that shows a Greek pilot flying a Mirage fighter jet and locking onto a Turkish F-16 fighter jet that was violating Greek airspace on Sunday, SKAI reported. Although Turkey enacted an AWACS program before Greece, in the late 1990’s, it has still not operated them due to technical issues, thus providing Greece with a 100% advantage in that crucial sector of air control and surveillance. Currency Euro The Greek Air Force has 17,000 officers and petty officers; 9,000 professional privates, 6,500 national service privates and 30,000 reserves. Greece. The total number of (all types of) fighter jets possessed by the two countries is roughly equivalent. Turkish Air Force Fighter aircrafts 76 F-16C/D Block 50 104 F-16C/D Block 40 37 F-16C/D Block 30 52 F-4E 2020 Terminator 71 F-4E Phantom 22 RF-4E Phantom 48 F-5 2000 9 (N)F-5A/B Freedom Fighter (Turkish Stars Air Acrobatic Team) There are a lot of training accidents in the Hellenic Air Force. In terms of naval helicopters, both countries use much of the same models and have a roughly equal balance of power, with the navy of Turkey owning six helicopters more than does Greece. Problem, the three vessels were part of the turkish invading force. Levent Özgül, a Turkish defence analyst for Blue Melange Consultancy, said a purchase of F-35s “will be the most important milestone and capability jump for Greece and the Hellenic Air Force (HAF).” This is because of the F-35’s advanced capabilities, such as its long-range, networking and stealth features. Instead, all available information points towards the procurement of used F-16’s and Mirage’s for a low price. Time Zone EET (GMT+2) Notable missions in which Greek pilots have participated occurred in countries like Afghanistan, Kosovo, Georgia, Bosnia, Albania, Adriatic and Mediterranean Sea patrolling, Kuwait, Congo, Chad, Indonesia, Libya and Cyprus, as well as NATO-member state exercises. As well as confronting Greek Vipers, the THK F-16 force has seen action against the Russian Aerospace Forces. It also lacks an organic air-to-air refueling capability, meaning fighters would have to be refueled on the ground, perhaps at forward-located island airstrips. Greek pilots were again deployed in the Second World War (1940-1944) and in the domestic continuation of that conflict, the Greek Civil War (1946-1949). The Greek Navy is also making efforts to strengthen its naval air force. Greek pilots were deployed as early as the First and Second Balkan Wars (1912-13), soon after in the First World War (1916-18), and then in the spillover conflict with Turkey, the Asia Minor conflict (1920-22). F-16 VS F-16: Greek Pilots Locked on Turkish F-16 F-16 VS F-16: Greek Pilots Locked on Turkish F-16. Undoubtedly capable and held at high levels of readiness, the air forces of Greece and Turkey have planned and trained for combat in the Aegean theater for decades. NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg spoke with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on August 28, 2020, to talk about developments in the eastern Mediterranean. energy reserves in the eastern Mediterranean, said Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias. Even if Greece spends a fair amount of its GDP (4.3% of Greek GDP), Greece cannot compete with Turkey. For 2020, Greece is ranked 33 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review.It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.5311 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). The Turkish Air Force (considered as starting from the time when modern Turkey became a state, in 1923) was employed in domestic strife in the 1930s and, because it remained neutral in WWII, only was used again in the Cyprus invasion (1974), when Greece of course was involved (as it had been in 1964 too). A pair of Turkish Air Force F-4E Terminator 2020s. Official handover of the first refurbished P-3B to Hellenic Navy officials in May 2019. In terms of pilot training, both air forces are NATO-trained and also have their own bilateral agreements for training purposes. The modernization involved Israel Aircraft Industries (IAI) and covered 54 airframes, including structural and avionics work. It’s worth noting here that the Hellenic and Turkish Air Forces regularly spar over the Aegean Sea. Greece has recently decided to modernize its fleet of older modern jets, along with a possible procurement of an additional squadron of F-16’s. Interesting that they have Pac-3s and S-300s. Reportedly, the Greek … Republic of Cyprus National Guard (plus Greek national forces) 13,000 active-duty, plus 65,000 reserves Greece and Turkey obviously have a keen curiosity in one another’s air defense systems and offensive capabilities. Decades of encounters over the Aegean have sharpened the combat capabilities of the Greek and Turkish air forces and the latest altercations are unlikely to see any major changes in posture, as the air arms continue to maintain their high levels of readiness. The availability of refueling tankers could be a critical advantage for the Turkish Air Force. Finally, the anti-aircraft artillery totals between the Republic of Cyprus and the Turkish-controlled northern Cyprus are roughly equal (80 GDF-005, M1 and M55 units compared to 100 GDF-003, M1 and Mk Rh202 units, respectively). The EMB-145H aircraft have been operational at Elefsis, west of Athens, since 2009. Turkey . The Greek aircraft has five workstations and the mission crew typically comprises a radar operator, mission commander, SIGINT specialist, and two weapons controllers. This dynamic is expected to remain as it is, at least for the mid-term, though pending acquisitions by Turkey could affect the balance in future. As has been noted, both Greece and Turkey have, since 1974 and especially since the mid-1980s, been engaging in almost daily simulated dogfights, testing each other’s will and defensive systems. In terms of fighters, the capabilities of the two air arms are nearly on a par, while Greece has 228 fast jets compared with 293 for Turkey. In the wake of the coup attempt, many F-16 personnel were arrested or removed from their posts and the Viper wing based at Ankara-Akinci was disbanded, the aircraft from its three squadrons (141, 142, and 143 Filos) being distributed to other units. Greece, full of historical artifacts – like its air force. According to the Greek Ministry of Defense, these drones will mainly be used for “border defense.”. The Turkish Air Force, with a personnel strength of about 20,000 to 30,000, operates about 16 combat squadrons (12 to 18 planes to a squadron) and one transport wing. Aircraft: 3 (T-41D type), 1 (An-2 Colt type) Patrol boats: 2 speed light weight speed boats. It is also much more active, given the constant activity against the Kurds in the southeast. The status of this program is currently uncertain, with reports that the U.S. Congress may have blocked the contract in response to Ankara’s purchase of the S-400 air defense system. So, Turkey does have a numerical advantage, but that is just one aspect of a force’s ability to project tactical airpower. Finally, Greece’s army has 83% fewer weapons than Turkey. The center of its UAV operations is Batman Air Base, which is home to the Heron, and located closer to the Syrian border.