Easter. For the majority of Orthodox history, Orthodox Christians have been given the names of Orthodox saints (e.g. Orthodox Christmas Day for the year 2022 is celebrated/ observed on Friday, January 7th. St. Seraphim of Sarov St. Sylvester Righteous Juliana. Fast Free Days. The movable holy days are determined by the date of Easter - the most important of all feast days -, which is in a class by itself. Orthodox New Year History. Traditional days of remembrance. However, when religious observance fell out of favor during Soviet times, the name day tradition became less important. Cambridge,1910. The Orthodox Calendar is provided by the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church web-site. The main reason for its rejection was that the celebration of Easter would be altered: contrary to the injunctions of canon 7 of the Holy Apostles, the decree of the First Ecumenical Synod, and canon 1 of Ancyra, Easter would sometimes coincide with the Jewish Passover in the Gregorian calendar. The Great Fast (Lent)--beginning on a Monday 7 weeks before Easter. Basil the Great. Because of the complexity created by the intersection of the various cycles, a number of Orthodox institutions will print an annual calendar (Russian: Spisok) which contains rubrics for the services during that particular year. The information contained on the website of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America is for informational purposes only. There is no fasting, however, between Christmas and Epiphany, during the tenth week before Easter, the week after Easter and the week after Pentecost. Here you can find the Russian name day calendar December 6 or 19 is the name day for people named for St. Nicholas. Protection of the Mother of God Church The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…” 23 February (Wednesday): Defender of the Fatherland Day. Prophet Malachi Martyr Gordius Ven. Days to Orthodox Christmas Day 2021. © 2017 Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. For instance, beginning in 2100 the difference will increase from 13 days to 14 days when the Julian calendar adds a day to that year, and Russian Christmas will then fall on Jan. 8 instead of Jan. 7. The Orthodox Church continues to base its calculations for the date of Easter on the Julian Calendar, which was in use at the time of the First Ecumenical Synod. His Eminence Archbishop Elpidophoros (Lambriniadis) of America was born in 1967 in Bakirköy, Istanbul. In the West, this discrepancy was addressed in the 16th century through the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar, which adjusted the Julian Calendar still in use by all Christians at that time. St. Elizabeth the New Martyr Russian Orthodox Church, 1615 Shull Street, West Columbia, SC 29169, (803) 600-0001 Several issues were under discussion at the congress, one of which was the adoption of the New Calendar. Of these, 2800 names (750 prime & 2085 derivated) have known name day (according to Orthodox Synaxarium) and 1000 names have (as yet) unknown name day. This is where the matter stood until the end of World War I. The Mission of The Orthodox Church in America, the local autocephalous Orthodox Christian Church, is to be faithful in fulfilling the commandment of Christ to “Go into all the world and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit…” London,1928. The Christmas dates around January 7 may vary among some churches. Next in importance to Easter are the "twelve great feasts," of which three are movable. Beheading of St. John the Baptist — August 29/September 11. The Holy Archdiocese does not exercise any administrative oversight or assignment authority over clergy that are not part of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Eight of these feasts are devoted to Christ and four to the Virgin Mary. For instance, beginning in 2100 the difference will increase from 13 days to 14 days when the Julian calendar adds a day to that year, and Russian Christmas will then fall on Jan. 8 instead of Jan. 7. In Orthodox countries, someone's birthday is usually known only by family and close friends, but someone's Nameday is usually known by a broader band of acquaintances. The Orthodox Calendar is provided by the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church web-site. Jews originally celebrated Passover on the first full moon following the vernal equinox. This was not the case with the monasteries of Mt. Athos. In their Guide to Orthodox Life, Father David Cownie, a Priest in our jurisdiction, and his wife, Presbytera Juliana, make reference to the ancient Christian custom of taking the name of a Saint at Baptism, a custom which we have discussed numerous times in past issues of Orthodox Tradition. Online Easter and movable feast calculation. The Orthodox Church in America. Holy Week (Svyatki) — December 25/January 7 — January 4/17 Western Christians, therefore, observe the date of the vernal equinox on March 21 according to the Gregorian Calendar. The first is attributed to the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, whose name it bears. Circumcision of Our Lord St. Despite attempts by the civil authorities in Greece to suppress them, the "Old Calendarists" continue to exist there and abroad and to maintain a hierarchy of their own together with parishes and monasteries. K. T. Ware, The Orthodox Church. The Russian orthodox calendar has a very interesting history. Name Day Calendar A name day is a tradition in many countries in Europe and America that consists of celebrating the day of the year associated with one's given name. The Nativity of the Virgin Mary (September 8), The Elevation of the Life-giving Cross (September 14), The Presentation of the Virgin Mary in the Temple (November 21), The Presentation of Christ in the Temple (February 2), The Repose of the Virgin Mary (August 15). This task is difficult since the name day of a name must belong to a saint or martyr of the Orthodox religion and at the moment we only know the Saints of the Greek Church. The Russian orthodox calendar has a very interesting history. The day celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, the son of God. Religious Calendar: History and Development. Penguin Books, 1982, pp. Until then, all Orthodox Churches had strictly abided by the Old (Julian) Calendar, which at present is 13 days behind the New Calendar long since adopted by the rest of Christendom. This site has been made possible by a grant from Leadership 100. Before the 20th century, the name day was an important day – even more important than the birthday – as Russian people felt a strong connection with the Orthodox Church. Phone: (212) 570-3500 • Contact, Download VCF • Join our Mailing Lists • Donate Greek Orthodox Name Day Calendar Happy Name Day a UK site with e-cards, calendar and more; lists names from more than fourteen countries Czech Name Days Swedish Name Day Calendar Name Days for Bulgarian, Czech, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Latvian Lithuanian, Polish, Russian, Slovak, and Swedish names Latvian Name Days One Day Fasts. Christians, therefore, celebrated Easter on the first Sunday after the first full moon following the vernal equinox. © 2021 All Saints - Russian Orthodox Church Las Vegas All rights reserved. The other difference in the determination of Easter between the Orthodox and other Christian Churches concerns the date of Passover. 4 FAST FREE. Inasmuch as the Julian Calendar had been in continuous use in the Christian East and West throughout the centuries, the subsequent introduction of the Gregorian Calendar in the West created yet another anomaly in the deteriorating relations between the two Churches. Christmas. Parish priests. So they celebrate Orthodox Christmas day on December 25th. The day taken to be the invariable date of the vernal equinox is March 21. This list of Russian saints includes the saints canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church and the Russian saints canonized by other Orthodox Churches.. Saints are sorted by their first names. It may well be that the date of Orthodox Easter occasionally coincides with that of the other Christian Churches; however, it may also occur as much as 5 weeks later. The determination of the date of Easter is governed by a computation based on the vernal equinox and the phase of the moon. For Thou art the enlightenment of our souls and bodies, O Christ God, and unto Thee do we send up glory, together with Thy Father, who is without beginning, and Thine all-holy, and good, and life-creating Spirit, now and ever, and unto ages of ages. Make to shine in our hearts, O Master who lovest man, the incorrupt light of Thy divine knowledge, and open the eyes of our mind to the comprehension of the preaching of Thy Gospel. Although the term denotes total abstinence from food or drink, fasting as practiced in the Orthodox Church means abstinence from meat, fish, dairy products, olive oil, and wine. Name and Epithet, Title or Rank of Saint Festival day … Orthodox New Year is a celebration of the year to come. Fast of the Repose of the Virgin Mary--August 1 to 14. In May of 1923, however, an "Inter-Orthodox Congress" was convened at Constantinople by the then Ecumenical Patriarch, Meletios IV. The Orthodox Observer places the Church in the context of the current world we live in through a diverse and informative experience — offering participants meaningful exchange with the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, her ministries, and affiliates. Varying dates for the vernal equinox increased these differences. A name day celebrates the day particularly associated with a given name, traditionally the name of a saint. For Orthodox Christians the Feast day of the Saint of whom they have been named after is as important as their birthday, if not more so. This special day is often a celebration of saint names, sometimes known as feast day. Various articles on namedays, icons and Saints’ bios. Consequently, it is the combination of these variables, which accounts for the different date of Orthodox Easter, whenever it varies from the rest of Christendom. Alternatively, to view this calendar on smartphones/tablets, please use the iPhone/iPad or the Android app. The present Greek Orthodox name day portal includes more than 3800 Greek names. Their purpose, of course, was to preserve the original practice of celebrating Easter following the vernal equinox. Amen. Every Wednesday and Friday throughout the year except for fast-free weeks Holy Week (Svyatki) Eve of the Theophany — January 5/18. Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia The first Julian calendar was printed in Russia in 1709. Owing to the fact that it makes up less than 2 per cent of the population of a predominantly Lutheran country, it observes Easter according to the New Calendar for practical reasons. D. R. Fotheringham, The Date of Easter and Other Christian Festivals. Christmas Fast--lasting 40 days, from November 15 to December 24. Elevation of the Cross — September 14/27. And so it is with all the great feasts of the Christian Calendar but one. Implant also in us the fear of Thy blessed commandments that, trampling down all carnal desires, we may pursue a spiritual way of life, both thinking and doing all things well-pleasing unto Thee. Orthodox Christians in central and eastern Europe and other parts of the world celebrate Christmas on January 7. For the Media. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, with its headquarters located in the City of New York, is an Eparchy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, The mission of the Archdiocese is to proclaim the Gospel of Christ, to teach and spread the Orthodox Christian faith, to energize, cultivate, and guide the life of the Church in the United States of America according to the Orthodox Christian faith and tradition. The "twelve great feasts," as they occur in chronological order after September 1, are as follows: Four main fast periods are included in the ecclesiastical year. 304-310. Up to the end of the 15th century, the Russian year began on March 1. The determination of the date of Easter was definitively regulated by the decision of the First Ecumenical Synod, held in Nicaea (325). The Churches of Serbia, Romania, Greece, and Cyprus were; the Churches of Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem, although invited, were not; the Church of Bulgaria was not invited. Paschalia text. 2 FAST FREE. Visitors can find their desired information with the least amount of clicks of the mouse. Fast of the Apostles--varying in length from 1 to 6 weeks; it begins on a Monday, 8 days after Pentecost, and ends on June 28--the eve of the feast of Saints Peter and Paul. Also, a convenient search tool was created to search for names of saints – the largest listing of names in the Orthodox internet. It consists of celebrating a day of the year that is associated with one's given name.The celebration is similar to a birthday.. Up to the end of the 15th century, the Russian year began on March 1. Alternatively, to view this calendar on smartphones/tablets, please use the iPhone/iPad or the Android app. Alternatively, to view this calendar on smartphones/tablets, please use the iPhone/iPad or the Android app. What is Orthodox Christianity? Please read carefully the summary from our comprehensive plan in the eBulletin. In the XXI century, the difference between the Gregorian calendar and the Julian calendar is 13 days. Within the Orthodox Church feast days and fast days are reckoned according to two distinct calendars, the Julian Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar. No unanimous agreement was reached on any of the issues discussed. Saint Peter was a young Aleut convert to the Orthodox faith. Russia uses the Gregorian calendar for secular purposes since 1918. Groups of "Old Calendarists" or Palaioemerologitai, refused to abide by the Church's decision and continued to follow the Old Calendar for both movable and immovable feast days. Both Russian … Find a name day in the country's calendar of your choice. Several of the Orthodox Churches, however, did eventually agree, though not all at the same time, to adopt the New Calendar. See also the category Category:Russian saints.. A more complete list of saints: List of Russian … Religious Calendar: History and Development. Official Documents | Terms of Use | Copyright Sources. Within the Orthodox Church feast days and fast days are reckoned according to two distinct calendars, the Julian Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar. After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and the other tragic events, which gave rise to the dispersal of the Jews, Passover sometimes preceded the vernal equinox. Synaxis of the 70 … Women Name Days. The first is attributed to the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, whose name it bears. The Orthodox Calendar is provided by the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church web-site. The experience provides the faithful significant content to listen to, watch, and read; in order to lead, grow, and inspire. As the Russian Orthodox Church keeps to the Julian Calendar, Russian Orthodox Christmas is celebrated on January 7th. It is a day off for the general population, and schools and most businesses are closed. Within the Orthodox Church feast days and fast days are reckoned according to two distinct calendars, the Julian Calendar and the Gregorian Calendar. It was later corrected in the sixteenth century by Pope Gregory XIII due to the ever-increasing discrepancy between calendar time and calculated astronomical time. Fast-free Weeks. A baptismal name is a name given to a newly-baptised Orthodox Christian. But, interestingly, in 2100, it will be 14 days, which will shift Russian Christmas on January 8th. These were the Churches of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Greece, Cyprus, Romania, Poland, and most recently, Bulgaria (1968); on the other hand, the Churches of Jerusalem, Russia and Serbia, along with the monasteries on Mt. 3 FAST FREE. As a consequence, most Christians eventually ceased to regulate the observance of Easter by the Jewish Passover. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates religious holidays according to the Julian calendar. This task is difficult since the name day of a name must belong to a saint or martyr of the Orthodox religion and at the moment we only know the Saints of the Greek Church. Angel days. Herein lies the first difference in the determination of Easter between the Orthodox Church and the other Christian Churches. This task is difficult since the name day of a name must belong to a saint or martyr of the Orthodox religion and at the moment we only know the Saints of the Greek Church. The day is a Orthodox Christmas Day is a public holiday. They are: Individual fast days include the feast of the Elevation of the Holy Cross (September 14), the Beheading of St. John the Baptist (August 29), and the eve of Epiphany (January 5), as well as all Wednesdays and Fridays. The Orthodox Church eventually adopted a 19-year cycle, the Western Church an 84-year cycle. Athos, all continue to adhere to the Old Calendar. The first is attributed to the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar, whose name it bears. Various articles on namedays, icons and Saints’ bios. Ἠ λίας = Elias, but Greek names beginning with the Greek Ἡ with a rough breathing are usually preceded by the English H followed by e, Ἡ σύχιος = Hesychius. Genevieve. The basis of their refusal to abandon the Old Calendar rested on the argument that canons ratified by an Ecumenical Synod knew only of the Julian Calendar. Nevertheless, any deviation from the norm is permitted only following consultation with one's spiritual father or with the prior approval of the local hierarchy. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church. Presently the calendar has a very convenient interface. Calendar. The Orthodox Christian Faith proclaims the Gospel of Jesus Christ, the teachings of the Apostles, and the tradition and life of the living Church worldwide through worship, communion, witness, and service. Russian Orthodox Calendar People all over the world have relied on calendars for thousands of years. Просмотры/Views: 22,196. 7 January (Friday): Russian Orthodox Christmas Day. × The first Julian calendar was printed in Russia in 1709. Mary, John, Demetrios, Olga) or names that reference Biblical events (e.g. On the one hand, the necessary revisions were made to correct the Old Calendar; on the other hand, the calculation of Easter was retained as before so as not to violate the holy canons. The Julian Calendar churches are: Jerusalem, Russia, Serbia, Georgia, Poland, Sinai, Ukraine, and Japan. Thus the Gregorian Calendar came into being. The use of two different "paschal cycles" inevitably gave way to differences between the Eastern and Western Churches regarding the observance of Easter. The former celebrates Epiphany on January 6 and by the latter on January 19. The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church.Passages of Holy Scripture, saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days. According to the ruling of the First Ecumenical Synod in 325, Easter Sunday should fall on the Sunday which follows the first full moon after the vernal equinox. We invite you to prayerfully consider sharing the resources given to you by God with a donation to the Archdiocese. Certain individuals and institutions are presented for reference purposes only and may not be under the supervision or jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese. What differed in this situation, however, was that reform was initiated by the established Church together with the total backing of the state. The custom developed during the Middle Ages and has been widely observed in both Orthodox and Catholic traditions. Of these, 2800 names (750 prime & 2085 derivated) have known name day (according to Orthodox Synaxarium) and 1000 names have (as yet) unknown name day. If the full moon happens to fall on a Sunday, Easter is observed the following Sunday. There are also a number of feast days of varying importance, most of which commemorate the more popular saints. Consequently, all Orthodox Churches observe the event of Christ's Resurrection on the same day, regardless of when the rest of Christendom does. It is often referred to as Old New Year, and is celebrated by Orthodox churches in Russia, … This was occasioned by the dependence of the dispersed Jews upon local pagan calendars for the calculation of Passover. The Russian Orthodox Church operates with the Julian calendar, which results in 25 December corresponding to 7 January on the Gregorian calendar. ​The Archdiocese responds to the spiritual needs of the Greek Orthodox Christian Faithful through National Ministries, providing programs and services to your local parishes, Metropolises, and you. Although all but one (i.e., 19 monasteries) continued to follow the Old Calendar, they are under the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople with which they continue to be in communion. Greek names beginning with the Greek Ἠ with a smooth breathing are translated with the English E, e.g. This wiki page states that "Those Orthodox Churches which remain in full communion with the New Calendarists and yet continue to use the Julian calendar, include the Orthodox Church of Jerusalem, the Russian Orthodox Church, the Serbian Orthodox Church, and the Georgian Orthodox Church. Paschalia. Not all Orthodox Churches were in attendance. Russian Orthodox Calendar People all over the world have relied on calendars for thousands of years. In other words, a difference of 13 days exists between the accepted date for the vernal equinox then and now. 8 East 79th Street • New York, NY 10075 Russian Holidays. © 2021 All Saints - Russian Orthodox Church Las Vegas All rights reserved. Thus arose the formula applied by the Orthodox Churches adopting the New Calendar--viz., that immovable feast days are to be observed 13 days earlier than in the Old Calendar, while Easter and all movable feast days dependent on it are still calculated according to the Old Calendar--which was seen as a compromise with those who opposed the change. The ecclesiastical year, which according to Byzantine practice begins on the first of September, is divided between movable and immovable or fixed holy days. Archpriest Vasily | fr.vasyl.k@gmail.com Hierodeacon Gorazd | gorazd.4537@icloud.com Our telephone numbers Simpler wall calendars will show the major commemoration of the day together with the appointed scripture readings. In Christianity, a name day is a tradition in some countries of Europe and the Americas, and Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox countries in general. Easter, the feast of feasts, continues to be calculated by all Orthodox Churches to the dates of the Old Calendar. Total abstinence is reserved for the fast of several hours duration preceding Holy Communion. Nevertheless, the Julian Calendar remained in use throughout the Byzantine period and beyond. The result of this situation is unfortunate indeed. In view of their refusal to submit to the authority of the Church of Greece, the official Church excommunicated them. 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