It is characterized by partially open, bell-shaped blossoms that may nod or face outward. Hellebore liners can be planted in two seasons, spring and fall, when they are actively growing. Helleborus foetidus, called the stinking, bear foot or bear paw hellebore, offers flowers in a pastel shade of green and has an unusual fragrance disliked by some; consequently it may be referred to as stinking. The leaves are narrow and pedate, except in some cases, when they are arranged in a horseshoe shape. Debates within the hellebore community continue and will likely result in further fine-tuning of this classification system in the future. Helleborus x hybridus 'Phoebe' is an exquisite double-flowered Hellebore with bright pink, frilled flowers adorned with deep rose-pink flecks. These shade-loving beauties resist deer and come back reliably for years. Product photos via Amazon, Burpee, and Timber Press. Veratrum viride, or false hellebore isn’t a member of the hellebore family at all. aka Winter Rose. They offer a “potluck” color palette, and bloom during the late winter to early spring period when many other plants are still dormant. The foliage consists of soft green leaves tinged with purple. In addition to delivering early-blooming, long-lasting flowers, many hellebores easily divide to create multiple plants. See our 17 favorite hellebore cultivars. Mature heights reach 18 inches. Types of Spring Flowers. The basal leaves are bright green, finely divided, and serrated, with a pedate tendency. UK purveyors describe the flowers as “medium-large,” with a scent similar to elderberry or currant. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! New Release. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Black Hellebore (Helleborus niger) This is the most common and popular in the landscape design form hellebore. Most are native to the mountainous regions of Europe, especially the Balkan region of the former Yugoslavia, south along the eastern Adriatic to Greece and Turkey. This plant reaches between 8 and 16 inches in height and is suited to growing in Zones 4 to 8. Originally published on March 5, 2020. The foliage of this type also varies widely. Partial shade to full shade. The first reason is that hellebores need the right amount of light (sun) than other types of plants. They have fuzzy hairs on their undersides, and are thinner in texture than most species. Features large, cup-shaped, rose-like, usually nodding flowers (3-4" diameter) with center crowns of conspicuously contrasting yellow stamens. However, some subspecies go dormant by summer’s end. The plant produces individual flowers consisted of 5 sepals and cup-shaped nectaries. Helleborus niger can be found in the wild, it blooms from late December to February snow-white and sometimes pale pink flowers do not droop, reaching a diameter of 8 cm (3 inch). Hellebore species are frequently crossed to produce hybrids. In addition to the color, the foliage is a distinguishing characteristic of this plant. This kind is acaulescent with deciduous foliage that mounds at the base. The final section of Mathew’s classification contains species that have two joined seed-containing carpels. I sell most of the species by special order, but here I want to profile the five that I will be featuring this year. There is a mound of leathery, dark-green basal foliage. But hellebores have just the survival skills needed to face such a challenge. The two- to three-inch blossoms of H. odorus, or fragrant hellebore, can have a musky odor, or they may be scent-free. Every one fits into one of Mathew’s six sections of classification. With so many hellebore varieties to choose from, not to mention the qualities of being easy to grow and producing winter-to-spring blossoms, this particular perennial is a top choice for four-season gardeners. It consists of basal mounds of deeply cut, narrow leaves with serrated edges, and leaf bracts of lighter green beneath the blossoms. Stock photography images of Helleborus perennial plants and their flowers, shade garden blooming perennials, including species and hybrids. Thin out any new seedlings that are too close to mature plants. Colors vary from dark green to yellowish-green. Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. Some exhibit color variations within a single classification. Mature heights range from 8 to 16 inches tall. or ‘Winter Roses’ as they are known, provide an abundance of colour in the winter shaded garden. In nature, it is often found in territories from southern Germany and to the Balkan Peninsula, growing mainly on mountain woodlands. It’s suited to growing in Zones 6 to 9. Each has a pedate, or foot-and-toes, arrangement of multiple narrow, serrated segments. The undersides of the sepals are purple or bright green. H. bocconei should thrive well in Zones 5 to 8. Plants available for purchase may be true species, or hybrids of two or more types. This is somewhat confusing, because the color refers to the dark roots of the plant, and not the petal-like sepals. H. niger grows to between 9 and 12 inches tall at maturity. When two or more different species in the same section are crossed, the result is called an interspecific hybrid. This plant does well in Zones 4 to 8, and blooms from late winter to early spring. This is a caulescent, or stemmed plant. Hellebores also need much more water, especially if you live in a very dry climate. H. croaticus is a Croatian species with one- to two-inch flowers that are similar to those of H. torquatus. There is Cherry Blossom, white and pink flowers with red centers; Golden Sunrise, which is yellow; Apricot Blush with apricot tinged, white petals; and the stunning Black Diamond. Commonly known as Hellebores, the genus Helleborus is comprised of approximately 20 species (ongoing fieldwork may see this figure change) of herbaceous perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. In addition to the true species, there are cultivars available as well. False hellebore is also toxic. This plant reaches a height of 12 to 18 inches at maturity, and is suited to Zones 6 to 8. Sometimes the stalks are a purplish color. There are three main leaf segments that are further subdivided. As time passed, Will McLewin, one of Mathew’s colleagues and an intrepid hunter of hellebores in their native Balkan region, and two other botanists, Michael Fay and Hang Sun, continued to study the genus. In total, there are several varieties of Helleborus niger in nature, the most interesting of which are: Bloom time is from late winter to early spring. The hybrid between the two, Helleborus x sternii, is a fine plant for winter containers, and some forms have exceptionally beautiful foliage as well as pretty flowers. This is a deciduous type. Unlike many hellebores, this one has fuzzy hairs on the leaf stems, or petioles, as well as the leaf undersides. The flowers are scented and have been described as both sweet and lemony. While many varieties of hellebores exist, Helleborus orientalis, the Lenten Rose, is among the earliest of winter bloomers and offers the widest selection of colors. Despite names such as "winter rose", "Christmas rose" and "Lenten rose", hellebores are not closely related to the rose family. This is a series of hellebore varieties designed to produce large blooms in a range of colors. It may be difficult to find true species – particularly of the rarer types – for the home garden; however, hardy crossbred varieties abound. The sepals are light green and slightly pointed, cup-shaped, and nodding. Project Guide. These are also known as Lenten rose. Most want partial shade, well-drained soil, and a bed deep enough to accommodate their extensive root systems. The leaves are palmate, meaning that they fan out like fingers, with seven to nine segments. The sepals are slightly pointed and the flowers may have a musky or slightly sweet odor. If you want to learn more about the fascinating world of hellebores, you’ll need these guides next: © Ask the Experts, LLC. The double ladies are hellebore plants that produce double-petal blooms. Forms a compact clump. The sepals are slightly pointed. Plant in full to part shade. We use cookies to personalise content, analyse website performance and for advertising purposes. Hellebores are also known by their common names, Lenten rose, Christmas rose, winter rose, and bear’s foot. In this section are plants with leaves that consist of three segments, like the foot of a goose, or in Greek, “chen” or χήνα (“chína”). Broccoli Buttoning: What Causes Multiple Tiny Heads? If you ever find yourself strolling through the mountainous regions of northern Italy and come across a pale to lime green flower with deeply divided, serrated, fern-like green foliage, it may well be H. abruzzicus.