Iphigenia also realizes that these myths no longer have any power over her. Lloyd-Jones, H. (1983) "Artemis and Iphigenia". Athena sends Iphigenia to the sanctuary of Artemis at Brauron where she is to be the priestess until she dies. Ten years passed and Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus, Agamemnon’s cousin, were well prepped to avenge the murder. This version is closest to the myth as the Romans told it. She also murders Cassandra, Agamemnon’s concubine. The full (rarely used) name of the fictional private investigator V. I. Warshawski, created by Sara Paretsky, is Victoria Iphigenia Warshawski. Many later artistic interpretations of her life exist, including Hugo von Hofmannsthal’s play Elektra (1903), later made into an opera by Richard Strauss (1906–08), and Eugene O’Neill’s play Mourning Becomes Electra (1931). In Euripides’ Iphigenia at Aulis, it is Menelaus who convinces Agamemnon to heed the seer Calchas's advice. The Harvard Classics", "The Most Disturbing Thing About the Shireen Scene on 'Game of Thrones, "Don't Be So Shocked by the Deaths on Game of Thrones: The Show Is a Classical Tragedy", Dictionnaire des Antiquités Grecques et Romaines, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iphigenia&oldid=995107512, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2017, Articles that may contain original research from May 2016, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Iphigenia in Crimea", BBC Radio 3 play by. Other variants include her being rescued at her sacrifice by Artemis and transformed into the goddess Hecate. Calchas the seer tells Agamemnon that to appease Artemis, he must sacrifice his eldest daughter, Iphigenia. When the Chorus finishes its song, Clytemnestra appears outside the palace and tells them the good news of the war ending, and how she knows it. Clytemnestra, the Character Clytemnestra was the daughter of King Tyndareus and Queen Leda of Sparta. In the movie The Killing of a Sacred Deer, starring Nicole Kidman and Colin Farrell the myth is drawn into a present day thriller where the family of a surgeon is haunted because of his accidental killing of a patient years before. Taurians especially performed sacrifices of bulls and virgins in honour of Artemis. Electra, (Greek: “Bright One”) in Greek legend, the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, who saved the life of her young brother Orestes by sending him away when their father was murdered. She rebuffs their reproach by pointing out their hypocrisy; none of them protested when Agamemnon killed her innocent daughter, Iphigenia. After they return to Greece—having been saved from dangers by Athena along the way—Athena orders Orestes to take the Xoanon to the town of Halae, where he is to build a temple for Artemis Tauropolos. this doesn't appear in any of the surviving passages of the Hesiodic catalogue but is attested for it by Pausanias, 1.43.1. In some versions of the story, Iphigenia remains unaware of her imminent sacrifice until the last moment. According to the Spartans, however, they carried the image of Artemis to Laconia, where the goddess was worshipped as Artemis Orthia. Euripides’ other play about Iphigenia, Iphigenia in Tauris, takes place after the sacrifice, and after Orestes has killed Clytemnestra and Aegisthus. ", Robert Graves, The Greek Myths, London: Penguin, 1955; Baltimore: Penguin pp. In the 1985 novel Killing Orders, third in the series, the protagonist identifies herself with the character of Greek myth, and recognizes the similarity of a traumatic event of her childhood with the act of Iphigenia's sacrifice. Definition of electra (Greek mythology) the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra; persuaded her brother (Orestes) to avenge Agamemnon's death by helping … 1909–14. Clytemnestra is decisive, resolute, and aggressive, and her femininity is often called into question. Return to CodyCross Paris Group 253 Puzzle 2 Answers. (In some versions, Agamemnon was actually Clytemnestra's second husband, her first being Tantalus.) The myth is even directly invoked by the movie when the children’s school administrator states that the daughter wrote a great essay on Iphigenia. In Greek mythology, Iphigenia (/ɪfɪdʒɪˈnaɪ.ə/; Ancient Greek: Ἰφιγένεια, Iphigéneia, [iːpʰiɡéneː.a]) was a daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus a princess of Mycenae. "Not all poets took Iphigenia and Iphianassa to be two names for the same heroine," Kerenyi remarks,[4] "though it is certain that to begin with they served indifferently to address the same divine being, who had not belonged from all time to the family of Agamemnon. 9 letter answer(s) to daughter of agamemnon and IPHIGENIA (Greek mythology) the daughter of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon; Agamemnon was obliged to offer her as a sacrifice to Artemis when the Greek fleet was becalmed on its way to Troy; Artemis rescued her and she later became a priestess ], The myth was retold in classical Greece and Italy, but it became most popular in Etruria, especially in Perusia. He is however, prevented from murdering his own mother (unlike Orestes) by a well meaning Chief Otun, in order to avoid the spiritual repercussions of murdering parents in Yoruba tradition. Greek forces gathered at Aulis. In the story, Agamemnon offends the goddess Artemis on his way to the Trojan War by accidentally killing one of her sacred deer. Clytemnestra married King Agamemnon of Mycenae … Orestes refuses to go, but bids Pylades to take the letter while Orestes will stay to be slain. [6] Some sources claim that Iphigenia was taken by Artemis to Tauris (in Crimea) at the moment of the sacrifice, the goddess having left a deer in her stead,[7] or else a goat (actually the god Pan) in her place. Instead, father sacrificed daughter at the altar so his army could set sail for Troy. Iphigenia and her mother Clytemnestra are brought to Aulis, under the pretext that Achilles will marry the girl. Sheri S. Tepper's The Gate to Women's Country contains a similar idea, with a play named Iphigenia at Ilium running through the novel as a leitmotif. Whe… AWhile in his palace, Agamemnon fell in love with wanted Clytemnestra, the daughter of Tyndareus and, in order to take her for his wife he killed her first husband and her child. Jouan, F. (1966) "Le Rassemblement d'Aulis et le Sacrifice d'Iphigénie", In: ______. Clytemnestra. At the annual festival held there, in honor of Artemis, a single drop of blood must be drawn from the throat of a man to commemorate Orestes's near-sacrifice. They discover the truth. During the Trojan War, Clytemnestra's sister Helen is kidnapped and taken to Troy. Instead, she is unwillingly sacrificed to appease Artemis. However, the young son of the late king finds out his uncle's treachery and murders him in the palace. The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women called her Iphimede (Ἰφιμέδη)[8] and told that Artemis transformed her into the goddess Hecate. for many characters; however, Clytemnestra suffers the most. From this marriage Clytemnestra would bear three children: two daughters, Iphigenia and Electra, and a son, Orestes. In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was a daughter of King Agamemnon and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus a princess of Mycenae. Electra is the prosecution and Clytemnestra is the defense. The duo then conspire to murder the king by means of poison, allowing the half brother to assume the throne. [9] Antoninus Liberalis said that Iphigenia was transported to the island of Leuke, where she was wedded to immortalized Achilles under the name Orsilochia. Who was killed by Agamemnon during the Trojan war and information from Britannica. Insists, because it avenges his crime and thus a princess of Mycenae Iphigenia in the Temple of to! 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